Mar 12, 2012
Le Super Borgou De Parakou - The Bariba Sound
Analog Africa returns to Benin – a journey that began with the African Scream Contest compilation – this time to Parakou up in the North Eastern part, to bring you The Bariba Sound from Le Super Borgou de Parakou.
Bariba and Dendi linguistic folklore, alongside Islamic-influenced melodies, fused with soul, Pachanga, breakbeats, rumba and afrobeat, Super Borgou’s sound has a penetrating and unpolished directness, blurring the line between the erstwhile rhythms of the devout village and the modern grooves infecting the forward-thinking city.
Lost sounds are the archives of a forgotten history. The raucously raw, Vodoun-inspired rhythms of Cotonou have confirmed Benin as a mecca of 70s Afro sounds and revived the story of its people, but the unopened vaults housing the country’s catacombs of musical riches are endless. With this as our compass, Analog Africa charters its fifth expedition to Benin, traveling far north to delve deeper into the obscured repertoires and tales of the Bariba and Dendi people.
Originating from the Kwara state of northwest Nigeria, the Bariba – a predominantly Islamic people – now dominate the Borgou department of Benin with the market city of Parakou at its heart. The rhythms of their culture constitute just one domain of the Islamic Funk Belt – a distinct musical swath of land encompassing northern Ghana, Togo and Benin.
Once frequented by Muslim merchants and traders, the belt has yielded a rich harvest of talent with the likes of Uppers International (Ghana), Orchestre Abass, the Black Devils (Togo), Anassoua Jazz (Benin) and, undoubtedly the most powerful band from Parakou, Orchestre Super Borgou, who were first introduced to many Western ears via Analog Africa’s defining release, “African Scream Contest.”
The birth of modern African music in Parakou is inextricably linked to Super Borgou. The progressive-minded father of the band’s founder, Moussa Mama, imported modern music – which he learned while working as a goldsmith in Accra, Ghana – to the region in the 50s. His return to Borgou and subsequent teachings spawned countless bands from villages across the department.
In its infancy, Super Borgou served as a cover band for Congolese rumba hits but, in line with the most enigmatic – and experimental – African bands of the day, they developed their own musical identity by reinventing traditional songs and rhythms.
With Benin’s foremost drummer, Bori Borro, in their ranks, Bariba and Dendi linguistic folklore – alongside melodies of an Islamic ilk, Orchestre Super Borgou de Parakou manufactured a sound of penetrating and unpolished directness, blurring the line between the erstwhile rhythms of the devout village and the modern grooves infecting the forward-thinking city.
Performing live at the bar ‘Congolaise’, Parakou’s finest troupe also captured the imagination of Celestin Houenou Sezan, co-founder of Albarika Store (Benin’s most important music label), and Super Borgou were, in fact, the legendary label’s very first EP release. Apart from Albarika, Discadam – and its sub labels Impressions Sonores du Nord and Echos Sonores du Borgou – were the band’s major backers who helped galvanize the sound of northern Benin.
Armed with a keen sense of philosophical observation, multi-instrumentalist Moussa Mama and rhythm guitarist Menou Roch, through their lyrics, reported on the socio-economic ills of their time – the rampant inequalities they saw around them – which established the band as noteworthy commentators on top of their gift of unique rhythm.
Sticking with the label’s dedication to dig deeper with each compilation, Analog Africa’s Orchestre Super Borgou anthology opens an entirely new chapter of lost and resurrected Afro sounds. Remastered to recreate the energy of their legendary high-octane live performances and accompanied by the signature full-colour booklet, the story of this remarkable ensemble and the traditions of the people of Northern Benin is set to be revealed and documented like never before.
01. Gandigui (Bariba Soul)
02. Wegne´Nda M´Banza (Bariba Soul)
03. Me Ton Le Gbe (Pachanga Fon)
04. Abakpé (Afro Beat Bariba)
05. Guessi-Guéré-Guessi (Pop Bariba)
06. Sembe Sembe Boudou (Folklore Dendi)
07. A Na Gan Garo Ka Nam (Afro Beat Bariba)
08. Bori Yo Se Mon Baani (Pachanga Dendi)
09. Aske (Folklore Dendi)
10. Ko Guere (Folklore Bariba)
11. Abere Klouklou (Cavacha Dendi)
12. Hanoubiangabou (Soul Dendi)
13. Dadon Gabou Yo Sa Be No.2 (Afro Beat Dendi)
14. Bininhounnin (Dendi Boucher)
15. Adiza Claire (Cavacha Bariba)